Dual-Channel Ultrasonic Flow Meter

Create time:2023-01-19 12:57 views
Dual-Channel Ultrasonic Flow Meter

The LCT ultrasonic flowmeter adopts the time difference method to calculate the flow and uses advanced micro-processing digital technology which is especially suitable for the flow measurement of regional heating heat source plant heat exchange station HVAC (air conditioning refrigeration equipment) tap water and other liquids.




    The LCT ultrasonic flowmeter adopts the time difference method to calculate the flow and uses advanced micro-processing digital technology, which is especially suitable for the flow measurement of regional heating, heat source plant, heat exchange station, HVAC (air conditioning refrigeration equipment), tap water and other liquids.

    LCT ultrasonic flowmeter includes flow sensor and flow converter; flow sensor adopts multi-channel ultrasonic wave to measure the medium flow speed of different fluid layers in the pipeline and automatically compensates the cross- section flow speed of the medium in the pipeline. Flow converter adopts a high speed mixed signal processing CPU and it is equipped with high precision time measurement system to achieve 1ps. It has fast dynamic response speed, making higher accuracy of flow speed measurement and repeatability and better stability.

The transducer has the continuous flow maintenance and replacement function to completely solve the sensor leakage problem.



    The LCT ultrasonic flowmeter adopts the measurement principle of time difference method. A sound wave travelling in the direction of flow of the product is propagated at a faster rate than one travelling against the flow, hence the acoustic signal transmission time has a difference (instant difference). The time difference method ultrasonic flowmeter is measured according to the specific principle of the specific relationship between the medium flow speed and the time difference. As long as the time upstream and downstream are accurately determined, the instantaneous flow speed can be found according to the flow speed and its specific relationship and then the instantaneous flow can be caculated.

    The transducers (sensors) are installed on both sides of the fluid line and separated by a certain distance. It is assumed that the internal diameter of the pipeline is D and the length of ultrasonic passed is L. The spacing of 2 transducers in the pipeline direction is X and ultrasonic transmission time downstream is t1 and the transmission time upstream is t2. The angle of ultrasonic transmission direction and fluid flow direction is θ, so t1, t2 and can be expressed in the following formula:


1. No cut-out online maintenance;

2.  Strong anti-bubble and anti-interference ability;

3. The sensor resists high temperature and no water leakage;

4. The dynamic response is up to 200 times per second;

5. The turn-down rate is above 1:50;

6. Measure the flow speed of different profiles for the best accuracy;

7. Full-pass pipe section structure, with no pressure drop and stable flow speed;

8. Integrated or remote type installation;

9. 240*128 industrial large screen-LCD display;

10. Measuring liquid is not affected by electrical conductivity;

11. One-way up to 5000Hz high-speed pulse output;

12. One-way standard (4-20) mA current output;

13. M-BUS communication interface;

14.  RS232/485 interface, standard MODBUS protocol.



Nominal general diameter: DN50-DN1400;

Measurement medium(s): clean single liquid;

Medium temperature: ≤130℃;

Accuracy: 1.0%;

Repeatability: 0.2%;

Turn-down rate: above 1:50

Case material: carbon steel; stainless steel;

Power supply: AC220V±10%, 50Hz or(10-36)VDC;

Signal output: pulse equivalent (0.01-9999) L/N (set), stability of 30ppm, standard current (4-20)mA output;

Communication output: M-BUS communication interface, RS232/485 interface, standard MODBUS protocol.



Flow Converter

The flow converter has a hardware temperature compensation circuit and software temperature compensation model, which is more suitable for heating high-temperature water metering compared to other flow meters to ensure the accuracy of flow measurement at different temperatures. Equipped with 6 multi-function buttons, industrial large screen LCD display, optional Chinese and English menu, humanized design and simple operation.

  1. Flow measurement

High-performance measurement chip, instrument instantaneous flow resolution 0.001m³/h, cumulative flow resolution 0.1L.

  1. Pulse output

The instrument can output 1-way of high-speed pulse, range (1-5000)Hz, pulse equivalent(0.01-9999.99)L/N can be set.

  1. Standard current signal output

The instrument can output a 1-way(4-20)mA signal.

  1. Standard current signal input

The instrument supports standard current signal input, measure range (4-20)mA, resolution 0.001mA.


Case size

Size ( mm)





Installation mode features

Characteristics of pipe segment ultrasonic flowmeter:

1.It is suitable for some pipes with poor sound conduction due to poor material;

2.It is suitable for the cases, where ultrasonic signal attenuation is serious, and the insert type sensors cannot be installed due to serious rust, liner and pipeline space clearance and other reasons;

3.Pipe segment sensor solves the problem of poor measurement accuracy caused by the installation process of clamp-on type sensor and insert type sensor;

4.It solves the problem of decreasing measurement accuracy caused by artificial installation and debugging error;

5.It is suitable for liquid measurement of normal pipe diameter with high accuracy.

Characteristics of clamp-on type ultrasonic flowmeter:

1. On-site installation no breaking pipe required, no impact on the flow rate, no pressure loss;

2.For the flow measurement of larger size pipes, the investment will not be increased due to the large pipe diameter.

Characteristics of the insert type ultrasonic flowmeter:

1.The special opening tool is used to install the sensor under pressure without water supply shutdown. The unique disassembly and installation methods under pressure do not affect the normal production. The on-line replacement and maintenance can be completed at any time.

2.Compared with other types of flowmeter (such as electromagnetic flowmeter), it has higher cost performance for the large-diameter pipeline.



Installation requirements


Measurement point selection

The ultrasonic flowmeter is the simplest and most convenient in the installation of all flowmeters. Simply select a suitable measuring point and input the pipe parameters at the measuring point into the flow converter to install the sensor. When selecting the measurement point, the selection of the fluid field is required to ensure the measurement accuracy. The following principles shall be followed during the installation:

  1. Select fluid-filled segments, such as horizontal fluid-filled segments or vertical sections where the fluid flows from bottom-up;
  2. The measuring point shall be at least 10 times diameter (≥ 10D) from the upstream and more than 5 times diameter (≥ 5D) from the downstream. There are no valves, elbows, reducer or expand pipe size and other devices that interfere with the flow field within this range. If there is a pump, three-way, regulating valve, orifice, gradually expanding pipe section or other devices that will cause rotating flow in front of the measuring point, the upstream straight pipe section shall be longer. On the horizontal pipe section, the sensor is generally installed at 9 o'clock and 3 o'clock (horizontal) positions of the pipe;
  3. Avoid 6 and 12 o'clock (vertical) positions to avoid signal attenuation caused by the sediment at the bottom of the pipeline or the bubbles or holes on the upper part of the pipeline;
  4. Ensure that the temperature at the measuring point is within the measurable working range;
  5. Consider reserving 1-2 persons operation space for installation to facilitate maintenance;
  6. Buried pipeline and piping shaft, pay attention to waterproof and moisture-proof.
  7. The scale condition of the clamp-on type ultrasonic flowmeter is fully considered during the installation, and the pipe section without scale is selected for measurement as far as possible. If it is not fully satisfied, the scale should be considered as the liner to obtain better measurement accuracy;

    8. When installing clamp-on type ultrasonic flowmeter, select pipe sections with uniform density and easy ultrasonic transmission.


Installation precautions:

Keep long enough straight pipe section upstream and downstream of the ultrasonic flow sensor (D is the sensor diameter) as required in the figure below.




Flowmeter wiring

Once the flowmeter is installed in the specified position as required, the wiring can be started. Open the upper cover of the meter and see the terminal of the converter. For specific wiring, please refer to the figure below:





Production Type Selection





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